Falkland ( Falcon) is a village, parish and former royal burgh in Fife, Scotland at the foot of the Lomond Hills. The Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic are named after Anthony, who was viscount of Falkland in the 17th century. A settlement is believed to have existed at Falkland prior to the 12th century. However, this was not until the erection of Falkland Castle some time after 1160 which was the crucial factor in the birth of the village. The site of Falkland Castle now lies within the grounds of the present Falkland Palace. The donation of the royal hunting estate of Falkland by King Malcolm to Duncan, Earl of Fife in 1160, may actually have led to any previous hunting lodge being replaced by the castle.